Cluj-Napoca or Kolozsvar (hungarian) – western city in the region of Transylvania.With one of the most vibrant economies in the country and a population of around 330,000, Cluj-Napoca, is today a vibrant cultural and educational city.
Its origins trace back to the Dacian settlement of Napuca in the 2-nd century A.D. After the Roman take-over of Dacia, it was renamed Napoca and in 124 A.D., received the rank of “municipium”. The city quickly advanced socially and economically and during Marcus Aurelius’ reign Napoca received the title “colonia”, the highest possible urban status in the Roman Empire.
German merchants, who arrived here in the 12th century, rebuilt the medieval earthen walls of Clus in stone after the Tartar invasion of 1241. Known as Klausenburg to the Germans* and Kolosvar to the Hungarians, Cluj became Cluj Napoca in the 1970s, when the communist regime added the name of the old Roman settlement to emphasize its Daco-Roman origin.
The Reformed Church is a late gothic historical monument of religious architecture. The church was built in many stages, as a monastery for the Minorite – Franciscan monks, promted and suported by king Matia Corvinul, begining with the second half of the 15th century.Famous for its acousticts, it houses lots of organ concerts. In the southern part of the church are the ruins of the cloister, which functioned as a universitary college.
The Roman Catholic “Saint Michael” Church (Unirii Square), a great historical and religious architecture monument is one of the most imposing gothic edifice from our country. It was built approximately between 1350 and 1480, being the first hall church from Transylvania.The inside and outside decorations and the baroque carved pulpit are remarkable.
„Alexandru Borza” Botanical Garden (42 Republicii Street) – Being a national museum, the garden was founded in 1872, having an initial surface of 4.3 ha. Thanks to prof. A. Richter, the surface has reached 9.6 ha.
„Simion Barnutiu” Central Park – having a 180 years oldness, this is one of the main recreation places of Cluj-Napoca, situated on the bank of Somesul Mic.
The history of the park begins in 1827, when the Women Charity Association rented the field to set up a recreation place. The park was opened to the public in the early `30 of 19th century, being initially named The Park of People.
The “Lucian Blaga” National Theatre and Romanian Opera: the two cultural institutions were founded in 18th September 1919, as an expression of spiritual rebirth after the Great Uniuon in 1918. The building which houses the „Lucian Blaga” National Theatre and the Romanian Opera was built between 1904 and 1906, as seat for the Hungarian National Theatre, by the famous Viennese firm „ Fellner und Helmer”, combining stylistic elements of new-baroque and Secession.
The Ethnographic Museum of Transylvania – founded in 1922 by professor Romulus Voia, the Etnographic Museum of Transylvania entered the elite of the Romanian etnographic museums, due to the exceptional quality of its patrimony.It is currently composed of over 41.000 traditional peasant objects from 17th-20th centuries and a documentary fund of over 80.000 items.
The Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral (Avram Iancu Square) – Romanian Orthodox Mitropoly of Cluj, Alba, Crisana, Maramures. Archiepiscopate of Vad, Feleac and Cluj (18 Avram Iancu Square).
The Matthias Corvinus House (or Mehffy House) is a cityish builing in gothic style from the 15th century (today, Art and Design University of Cluj Napoca). In this house, which was the city’s inn in past, was born on 23rd of February 1443 Matia Corvin, the son of the vaivode of Transylvania, John Hunyadi (Ioan de Hunedoara). Matia Corvin was the greatest king of Hungary (1458-1490), he was learned, patron of arts, wise and just, being mentioned in songs and legends even today.
Cluj-Napoca is the city where the past, the present and the future forged the identity and local specifics. In the Protocols of the XVIth century, kept almost entirely at Directia Judeteana Cluj a Arhivelor Nationale (the National Archives of Cluj county), the citizen of Cluj is proudly referred to as a person who loves their homeland and the Republic is the utmost principle entire city, for which we have a duty to die, to which we must offer and devote all we have.