Targu Mures

Targu Mures

Things to do - general

Named literally for a ‘market’ on the Mures River and known as the city of roses, Targu Mures enjoys the best of both Romanian and Hungarian cultures. Numerous vestiges attest the presence of Neolithic cultures and those of the Bronze and Metal Ages in this area. Archaeological diggings have brought to light Roman relics in the surrounding towns.

Beginning with the 16th century, Targu Mures excels as an important cultural and education centre. The first school appears in 1492.  In 1786, the first printing shop is established and in 1802 count Teleki Samuel, chancellor of Transylvania, lays the foundations of the documentary library that bears his name to this day. The city received a major boost to its social and economic life in 1754 when it became the seat of the supreme court of justice of the Principality of Transylvania.

Targu Mures became a modern town in the second half of the 19th century, along with the expansion of the railway line. Today its centrally located Piata Trandafirilor (Roses Square) is lined with modern streetside cafes and restaurants, churches, and monuments. Targu Mures’ top attraction is located at the south end of the square: the Culture Palace, a flamboyant early 20th-century city hall with an outstanding stained-glass hall, housing some of main local museums.

Culture and history

Culture & history The Apollo Palace was built between 1820 and 1822 at the initiative of count Teleki Sámue. The building was initially decorated in the late Baroque style and had only two stories. As the façade was modified in the 20th century, the only remaining Baroque elements are the reinforced vaults with double arcs. The palace served as the venue of numerous shows and balls at the beginning of the century only to be sold in 1923. The new owner changed the destination of the hall and added one floor of apartments, built between 1925 and 1927. The façade was also remodeled at that time in an eclectic style specific to the early 20th century. The first representations of Baroque architecture appeared in Targu Mures in the second half of the 17th century. The Pálffy House, built around 1640, reflects an evolutionary stage that surpasses typical Renaissance architectural elements such as those of the oldest buildings of Targu Mures, the Köpeczi and Nagy Szabó houses. The edifice was built by judge Tolnai János and sold to the Pálffy family in 1885, hence the name by which the building is known today. The building was renovated in 2006 and today it hosts the newly established Music School of the University of Theatrical Arts of Targu Mures. The present headquarters of the Mures County Council, also known as the former City Hall building, make up, together with the Culture Palace, a spectacular secessionist ensemble built in Targu Mures at the beginning of the 20th century during the mayorship of Bernády György. The palace is remarkable for its 192 feet high spire, built originally as a watchtower of the town, placed asymmetrically and covered- like the rest of the building- with colorful Majolica. This material is present in the external flower decorations, too. The impressive entrance hall is decorated with huge stained glass windows.

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